澳洲幸运10

促进学生全面发展健康成长
——教育部负责人就《关于深化教育教学改革全面提高义务教育质量的意见》答记者问
      来源:澳洲幸运10_澳洲幸运10官网【官方网站】         作者: 发表时间: 2019-08-05 10:25     访问次数:        字体: 【大】 【中】 【小】
  近日,中共中央、国务院印发了《关于深化教育教学改革全面提高义务教育质量的意见》(以下简称《意见》)。教育部负责人就《意见》有关内容回答了记者的提问。

  1.请问《意见》出台的背景和意义是什么?

  《yijian》shixinshidaiaozhouxingyun10guoshenhuajiaoyujiaoxuegaige、quanmiantigaoyiwujiaoyuzhiliangdeganglingxingwenjian,tadechutaiyouzheshenkedelishiheshidaibeijing,yiyishifenzhongda。yishiguanchexijinpingzongshujihedangzhongyangdejuecebushu。xijinpingzongshujiguanyujiaoyudexinsixiangxinyaoqiu,tebieshizaiquanguojiaoyudahuihexuexiaosixiangzhengzhililunkejiaoshizuotanhuishangdezhongyaojianghua,weixinshidaiyiwujiaoyugaigefazhanzhiminglefangxiang,bixurenzhenguancheluoshi。ershihuiyingrenminqunzhongdeqipan。jinruxinshidai,renminqunzhongdexuqiuzhengzaiyou“youxueshang”xiang“shanghaoxue”zhuanbian,jixushenhuajiaoyujiaoxuegaige,jinyibutigaoyiwujiaoyuzhiliang,cujinxueshengquanmianfazhan、jiankangchengzhang,nulibanhaorenminmanyideyiwujiaoyu。sanshishenhuajiaoyuzishengaigedexuyao。gaigekaifangtebieshidangdeshibadayilai,zaiyixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangjianqianglingdaoxia,aozhouxingyun10guoyiwujiaoyuqudelejushizhumudechengjiu,shixianlequanmianpuji,2018nianyiwujiaoyugonggulvdadao94.2%,muqianzhengchuyuyoujibenjunhengxiangyouzhijunhengmaijindexinjieduan。tongshi,yiwujiaoyuhaicunzaiyixiejidaijiejuederediannandianwenti,poqiexuyaoshenhuajiaoyujiaoxuegaige,quanmiantigaoyiwujiaoyuzhiliang。

  2.请问《意见》起草的思路是什么?

  《yijian》qicaoyanzhijinglileshenrudiaoyan、guangfanzhengqiuyijian、renzhenxiugaiwanshandengguocheng,bingbaozhongyangquanmianshenhuagaigeweiyuanhuishenyitongguo。jibensilushi: yishizhuzhongtigaozhengzhizhanwei。gengjiazhongshijiaqiangdangduiyiwujiaoyujiaoxuegaigedequanmianlingdao,gengjiatuchuyiwujiaoyudeguojiayizhihefadingyaoqiu。ershizhuzhongqianghuajiazhiyinling。zhezhongyindaoquandangquanshehuishulizhengquejiaoyuguannian,zheligoujiandezhitimeilaoquanmianpeiyangdejiaoyutixi,jianquanlideshurenluoshijizhi,peiyangdandangminzufuxingdarendeshidaixinren。sanshizhuzhongjiejuetuchuwenti。weiraoquanmianfazhansuzhijiaoyu、tigaoketangjiaoxuezhiliang、aozhouxingyun10gaosuzhizhuanyehuajiaoshiduiwu、shenhuaguanjianlingyugaigedengfangmiancunzaidetuchuwenti,tichuyixilieyouxiaojucuo。sishizhuzhongxingchenggongzuoheli。dongyuanquandangquanshehui、gebumengefangmianlilianggongtongbanhaoyiwujiaoyu,tongchouliyonggeleishehuiziyuan,goujianxuexiao、jiating、shehui“sanweiyiti”dexietongyurengeju。

  3.请问《意见》提出的总体要求是什么?

  《yijian》qiangdiaoyaojianchiyixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao,quanmianguanchedangdejiaoyufangzhen,luoshilideshurengenbenrenwu,zunxunjiaoyuguilv,qianghuajiaoshiduiwujichuzuoyong,weiraoningjurenxin、wanshanrenge、kaifarenli、peiyurencai、zaofurenmindegongzuomubiao,fazhansuzhijiaoyu,peiyangdezhitimeilaoquanmianfazhandeshehuizhuyiaozhouxingyun10zhehejiebanren。《yijian》yaoqiushulikexuedejiaoyuzhiliangguan,shenhuagaige,goujiandezhitimeilaoquanmianpeiyangdejiaoyutixi,jianquanlideshurenluoshijizhi,zhelizaijiandinglixiangxinnian、houzhiaiguozhuyiqinghuai、jiaqiangpindexiuyang、zengzhangzhishijianshi、peiyangfendoujingshen、zengqiangzonghesuzhishangxiagongfu。jianchideyuweixian,jiaoyuyindaoxueshengaidangaiguoairenminaishehuizhuyi;jianchiquanmianfazhan,weixueshengzhongshenfazhandianji;jianchimianxiangquanti,banhaomeisuoxuexiao、jiaohaomeimingxuesheng;jianchizhixingheyi,rangxueshengchengweishenghuohexuexidezhuren。

  4.《意见》对构建德智体美劳全面培养的教育体系提出了哪些具体举措?

  weiguanchexijinpingzongshujizaiquanguojiaoyudahuishangtichudegoujiandezhitimeilaoquanmianpeiyangjiaoyutixidezhongyaozhishi,《yijian》jianchi“wuyu”bingju,quanmianfazhansuzhijiaoyu,tichuleyouzhenduixingdegongzuojucuo。yishituchudeyushixiao。wanshandeyugongzuotixi,shenhuakechengyuren、wenhuayuren、huodongyuren、shijianyuren、guanliyuren、xietongyuren。dazaozhongxiaoxueshengshehuishijiandaketang,guangfankaizhanxianjindianxing、yingxiongmofanxuexixuanchuanhuodongdeng。ershitishengzhiyushuiping。zhelipeiyangxueshengrenzhinengli,cujinsiweifazhan,jifachuangxinyishi,jiaqiangkexuejiaoyuheshiyanjiaoxue,guangfankaizhandushuhuodong,quebaoxueshengdadaoguojiaguidingdexueyezhiliangbiaozhun。sanshiqianghuatiyuduanlian。yangezhixingxueshengtizhijiankanghegebiaozhun,guangfankaizhanxiaoyuanpujixingtiyuyundong,gulidifangxiangxueshengmianfeihuoyouhuikaifanggonggongyundongchangsuo,jixueshengtigonggengduocanjiatiyuduanlianjihui。sishizengqiangmeiyuxuntao。shishixuexiaomeiyutishengxingdong,yangeluoshiyinle、meishu、shufadengkecheng,guangfankaizhanxiaoyuanyishuhuodong,gulixuexiaozujianteseyishutuandui,gulizhuanyeyishurencaidaozhongxiaoxuejianzhirenjiao。wushijiaqianglaodongjiaoyu。jianglaodongjiaoyunaruquanmianpeiyangdejiaoyutixi,zhidinglaodongjiaoyuzhidaogangyao,youhuazongheshijianhuodongkechengjiegou,quebaolaodongjiaoyukeshibushaoyuyiban。tongchoujiaqiangxueshengshenghuoshijian、laodongjishuhezhiyetiyanjiaoyu,tongchoujiawulaodong、xiaoneilaodongheshehuilaodong。chuangjianyipilaodongjiaoyushiyanquheshijianjidi。

  5.课堂教学是义务教育教学改革的主阵地,请问《意见》对提高课堂教学质量提出了哪些具体措施?

  《yijian》jujiaotigaoketangjiaoxuezhiliang,tichulesigefangmiandejuticuoshi。yishiyouhuajiaoxuefangshi。guangfantuiguangyingyongyouxiujiaoxuechengguo,yindaoxuexiaozhuzhongqifashi、hudongshi、tanjiushijiaoxue;zhuzhongyincaishijiao,jingzhunfenxixueshengxuexiqingkuang,jinxingchayihuajiaoxuehegebiehuazhidao。ershiqianghuajiaoxueguanli。duisheng、shi、xian,tebieshixuexiaofenbietichuleguifanjiaoxueguanlidejutiyaoqiu,birukaiqikaizukaihaoguojiaguidingkecheng、renzhenzhidingjiaoxuejihuahejiaoan、jianchijitibeikehelingqidianjiaoxue,jiaqiangkechengshishirichangjiandu。sanshiwanshanzuoyekaoshifudao。tongchoubutongnianjibutongxuekezuoyeshuliangheshijian,chuangxinzuoyexingshi,dujuejijiazhangbuzhizuoye;congyankongzhikaoshicishu,yanjinkaoshipaiming;duixuexiyoukunnandexueshengyaoyoubangfuzhidu,duixueyouyulidexueshengyaotuozhanxuexikongjian。sishicujinxinxijishuyujiaoyujiaoxuerongheyingyong。jianlifugaiyiwujiaoyugenianjigexuekedeshuzijiaoyuziyuantixi,jiakuaishuzixiaoyuanaozhouxingyun10,mianfeiweinongcunhebianyuanpinkundiquxuexiaotigongyouzhixuexiziyuan。

  6.教师是办好义务教育的第一资源,《意见》对加强义务教育教师队伍澳洲幸运10提出了哪些新举措?

  dangzhongyang、guowuyuangaoduzhongshijiaoshiduiwuaozhouxingyun10,zhenduiyiwujiaoyudetedianhexuyao,《yijian》tichulexindejucuo。yishigaigepeiyangpeixuntixitishengjiaoshinengli。qiangdiaoyaoyixinshidaijiaoshisuzhiyaoqiuheguojiakechengbiaozhunweidaoxiang,gaigeshifanjiaoyu,congyuantoushangtigaojiaoshisuzhi;tuchujiaoshixinkecheng、xinjiaocai、xinfangfa、xinjishudequanyuanpeixun,zengqiangpeixundezhenduixing、shixiaoxing。ershiwanshanguanlizhiduyouhuajiaoshipeizhi。mingquezaizuohaobianzhizonglianghedingjichushang,youxianjijiaoyubumentongchoudiaopei;zhidingjiaoshigongkaizhaopinbanfa,chongfenfahuijiaoyubumenhexuexiaozaijiaoshizhaopinzhongdezhongyaozuoyong;jiadachengxiangjiaoshishuangxiangaozhouxingyun10、dingqilunganglidu。sanshiqianghuatiaojianbaozhangtigaojiaoshidaiyu。zhidingjiaoshiyoudaibanfa,baozhangjiaoshixiangyoutijian、lvyou、zhufang、luohudengyoudaizhengce。mingque“jiaoyutouruyouxianbaozhangbingbuduantigaojiaoshidaiyu”,jianliyiwujiaoyujiaoshigongziliandongzengzhangjizhi。jixiaogongzizengliangzhuyaoyongyujianglixingjixiaogongzifenpei。xiangjiaoxueyixianhejiaoxueshijituchujiaoshiqingxie、xiangxiangcunhejiankubianyuandiqujiaoshiqingxie。

  7.《意见》明确提出“制定实施细则,明确教师教育惩戒权”,请问出于什么考虑?下一步如何落实?

  aozhouxingyun10guo《jiaoyufa》he《jiaoshifa》guiding,jiaoshichengdanzhejiaoshuyuren、peiyangshehuizhuyiaozhouxingyun10zhehejiebanrendezhongyaozhize,juyoupipinghedizhiyouhaiyuxueshengjiankangchengzhangxianxiangdeyiwu。《zhongxiaoxuebanzhurengongzuoguiding》tichu,banzhurenzairichangjiaoyujiaoxueguanlizhong,youcaiqushidangfangshiduixueshengjinxingpipingjiaoyudequanli。youyumuqianchengxuxingguidingquefa,yingxianglejiaoshizhengquexingshijiaoyuchengjiequan,youdeduixuesheng“buyuanguan、buganguan”,youdeguoduchengjieshenzhitifaxuesheng。youdejiazhangduijiaoshipipingjiaoyuxueshengyebulijie,shenzhizaochengjiaxiaomaodun。yinci,feichangyoubiyaomingquejiaoshijiaoyuchengjiequanruheshishi。xiayibu,jianganzhao《yijian》deyaoqiuzuohaoyixiagongzuo: yishimingqueshishijiaoyuchengjiequandeyuanze,jiaoyuchengjiezhongzaijiaoyu,yaojianlizaiduixueshengguanxinaihu、cujinjiankangchengzhangdejichushang。ershiyanjiuzhidingshishixize,mingquejiaoshijiaoyuchengjiequanshishidefanwei、chengduhexingshi,guifanxingshijiaoyuchengjiequan,cujinguangdajiaoshijireqingguanaixuesheng,youyangeguanli、xixinjiaodao,tishengyurenxiaoguo。sanshizhuahaojiaoshifaxiudinggongzuo,zaifalvxiudingzhongjinyibumingquejiaoshizaijiaoshuyuren、guanlixueshengdengfangmiandequanli,baozhangjiaoshiyouxiaoxingshichengjiequanli,cujinjiaoshiganguanshanguan,baozhangjiaoshihefaquanyibushouqinhai,weihushidaozunyan。

  8.请问《意见》提出什么样的质量评价体系,来解决教育“指挥棒”的问题?

  《yijian》tichujianliyifazhansuzhijiaoyuweidaoxiangdekexuepingjiatixi,zhidingxianyuyiwujiaoyuzhiliang、xuexiaobanxuezhilianghexueshengfazhanzhiliangsangepingjiabiaozhun。yishixianyuyiwujiaoyuzhiliangpingjiabiaozhun,tuchukaochadifangdangweihezhengfuduijiaoyujiaoxuegaigedejiazhidaoxiang、zuzhilingdao、tiaojianbaozhangheyiwujiaoyujunhengfazhanqingkuangdeng。mingquetichudangzhengfuzerenyanjinxiadashengxuezhibiaohuopianmianyishengxuelvpingjiaxuexiaohejiaoshi。ershixuexiaobanxuezhiliangpingjiabiaozhun,tuchukaochaxuexiaojianchiquanmianpeiyang、tigaoxueshengzonghesuzhiyijibanxuexingwei、duiwuaozhouxingyun10、xueyefudan、shehuimanyidudeng。sanshixueshengfazhanzhiliangpingjiabiaozhun,tuchukaochaxueshengpindefazhan、xueyefazhan、shenxinjiankang、xingqutezhanghelaodongshijiandeng。zaicijichushang,wanshanguojiayiwujiaoyuzhiliangjiancezhidu,jianlijiancepingtai,bingjiangpingjiajieguojiangzuoweikaohepingjiaganbuhedifangzhengfulvxingjiaoyuzhizedezhongyaoyiju。

  9.《意见》提出要实施义务教育质量提升工程,请问有哪些具体举措?

  shishiyiwujiaoyuzhiliangtishenggongcheng,duiyuquanmianluoshi《yijian》tichudegexianggaigerenwujuyouzhongyaotuidonghebaozhangzuoyong。《yijian》mingquetichubaozhangyiwujiaoyucaizhengjingfeitouru,jiadaduijiaoshiduiwuaozhouxingyun10、jiaoyujiaoxuegaige、tigaojiaoyuzhiliangdejingfeizhichilidu,tuidongyiwujiaoyuyoujibenjunhengxiangyouzhijunhengmaijin。zhongdianyouyixiajigefangmian: yishishishiyouxiujiaoxuechengguotuiguangyingyongjihua,dajianguojiajiyouxiujiaoxuechengguojiangpeiyu、linxuanhetuiguangpingtai,jianliyouxiujiaoxuechengguojiangtuiguangyingyongshifanqu,cujintishengjiaoshijiaoyujiaoxueshuiping。ershizhengheaozhouxingyun10guojiazhongxiaoxueshengwangluoxuexipingtai,cujinxinxijishuyujiaoyujiaoxueshendurongheyingyong,daidongnongcunhejiankubianyuandiquxuexiaojiaoxueshuipingzhengtitisheng。sanshituijinyiwujiaoyuboruohuanjiegaishanyunenglitisheng,zhongdianjiaqiangxiangcunxiaoguimoxuexiaohexiangzhenjisuzhixuexiaoaozhouxingyun10,dazao“xiangcunwenxinxiaoyuan”,jiakuaixiaochuchengzhendabane。

  10.中小学招生是人民群众非常关心的教育热点问题,《意见》对完善中小学招生制度提出了哪些要求?

  《yijian》fenbieduiyiwujiaoyuhegaozhongjieduandezhaoshengkaoshitichulexiangguanyaoqiu。zaiyiwujiaoyujieduan,yaotuijinyiwujiaoyuxuexiaomianshijiujinruxuequanfugai,jingzhunzuohaokongchuobaoxuegongzuo。yishimianshi。《yijian》guiding: “yanjinyigeleikaoshi、jingsai、peixunchengjihuozhengshuzhengmingdengzuoweizhaoshengyiju,budeyimianshi、pingcedengmingyixuanbaxuesheng”。ershijiujin。《yiwujiaoyufa》guidingshilingertongshaonianshixingmianshijiujinruxue。

  guanyuminbanyiwujiaoyuxuexiaozhaosheng,《minbanjiaoyucujinfa》guiding“minbanxuexiaoyugongbanxuexiaojuyoutongdengdefalvdiwei”,《yijian》genjushangshufalvguiding,anzhaogongbanminbanxuexiaotongdengduidai、hubuxiangyouzhaoshengtequandeyuanze,duiminbanyiwujiaoyuxuexiaozhaoshengzuochuguiding,mingque“minbanyiwujiaoyuxuexiaozhaoshengnarushenpiditongyiguanli,yugongbanxuexiaotongbuzhaosheng;duibaomingrenshuchaoguozhaoshengjihuade,shixingdiannaosuijiluqu。”zheiyangjimanzuzhaoshengrenshuyaoqiu,youquebaokeguangongping,weihuzhengchangzhaoshengzhixu。

  zaigaozhongjieduan,duizhaoshenghekaoshifenbietichuleyaoqiu。yishiqiangdiaogaozhongjieduanxuexiaoshixingjiyuchuzhongxueyeshuipingkaoshichengji、jiehezonghesuzhipingjiadezhaoshengluqumoshi。luoshiyouzhiputonggaozhongzhaoshengzhibiaofenpeidaochuzhongzhengce,gongbanminbanputonggaozhonganshenpijiguantongyipizhundezhaoshengjihua、fanwei、biaozhunhefangshitongbuzhaosheng。ershiwenbutuijinchuzhongxueyeshuipingkaoshishengjitongyimingti,jianchiyikechengbiaozhunweimingtiyiju,budezhidingkaoshidagang,buduantigaomingtishuiping。

  11.家庭教育对孩子的成长至关重要,请问《意见》对加强家庭教育提出了哪些举措?

  jiatingshihaizidediyigeketang,fumushihaizidediyirenlaoshi。jiatingjiaoyugongzuokaizhanderuhe,guanxidaohaizidezhongshenfazhan,guanxidaoqianjiawanhudeqieshenliyi,guanxidaoguojiaheminzudeweilai。jinnianlai,jingguogedibuduannulitansuo,jiatingjiaoyugongzuoqudelejijijinzhan,danhaicunzaiyixiewenti,zhongzhiqingde、zhongzhiqingneng、guofenchongai、guogaoyaoqiudengxianxianghaibijiaotuchu,yingxianglehaizidejiankangchengzhanghequanmianfazhan。xiayibu,jianganzhao《yijian》deyaoqiuzuohaoyixiagongzuo: yishijiakuaijiatingjiaoyulifa,qianghuajianhuzhutizeren。ershijiaqiangshequjiazhangxuexiao、jiatingjiaoyuzhidaoaozhouxingyun10zhandianaozhouxingyun10,weijiazhangtigonggongyixingjiatingjiaoyuzhidaoaozhouxingyun10。sanshichongfenfahuixuexiaozhudaozuoyong,miqiejiaxiaolianxi,jiaqiangjiatingjiaoyuzhidao。sishizhidaojiazhangyaoshulikexueyuerguannian,qieshilvxingjiatingjiaoyuzhize,jiaqiangyuhaizigoutongaozhouxingyun10,peiyanghaizidehaosixiang、haopinxing、haoxiguan,lixingbangzhuhaiziquedingchengzhangmubiao,kefumangmupanbi。

  12.减负是一个老大难问题,社会各界高度关注。《意见》再次提出坚决防止学生学业负担过重,请问下一步有什么工作考虑? 

  jianfushiyigeshehuiguangfanguanzhudewenti,shibixuxiadaliqiquzhubujiejuedewenti。zaiqunianchutai“jianfusanshitiao”jichushang,《yijian》jinyibutichulejianfuyaoqiu。xiayibuyaozongheshice,tuidongxitongjianfu。yishitongguotigaozhiliangjianfu。renzhenluoshi《yijian》tichudegexiangjucuo,qieshitigaoxuexiaojiaoyujiaoxuezhiliang,rangxueshengzaixuexiaoli、ketangshangxuedongxuehao。ershitongguoyouhuakechengjianfu。congzhongxiaoxueshengdexuexitedianherenzhiguilvchufa,youhuakechengjiegouhejiaoxueneirong,budezengjiajiaoxuenandu,tiqianganjindu。chongfenjifaxueshengxuexixingqu。sanshitongguoguifankewaipeixunjianfu。shenhuaxiaowaipeixunjigouzhuanxiangzhili,jiadachufalidu,dujuechaoqianchaobiaopeixunxingwei,fangzhijixueshengzengjiaguozhongkewaifudan。sishitongguokexuepingjiajianfu。jianquanyiwujiaoyuzhiliangpingjiabiaozhuntixi,fangzhi“weikaoshi、weishengxue”,jiejuehao“zhihuibang”wenti。wushitongguoshehuixietongjianfu。shishijiaxiaoxietongyurengongjianxingdong,yindaojiazhangshulikexueyuerguannian,lixingbangzhuhaiziquedingchengzhangmubiao,xingchengjianfugongzuoheli。

  13.请问如何加强组织领导,确保《意见》所提各项目标举措落到实处?

  《yijian》congwufangmiantichuleluoshijucuo。yishijianchidangdequanmianlingdao,qieshilvxingshengjiheshijizhengfutongchoushishi、xianjizhengfuweizhuguanlizeren。jiaqiangxuexiaodangdeaozhouxingyun10,chongfenfahuixuexiaodangzuzhilingdaozuoyong。ershiluoshibumenzhize,duishejijiaoyujiaoxuegaigedegebumentichulemingquegongzuoyaoqiu,jianquanxiangguanbumenzerenluoshijizhi,zuodaofengongmingque、gejinqize、xiediaopeihe。sanshiqianghuajiaxiaoxietong,jiakuaijiatingjiaoyulifa,jiaqiangshequjiazhangxuexiaoaozhouxingyun10,miqiejiaxiaolianxi,bangzhujiazhangshulikexueyuerguannian,qieshilvxingjiatingjiaoyuzhize。sishiqianghuakaohedudao。mingquejiangtigaoyiwujiaoyuzhiliangnarugejidangzhenglingdaoganbukaoheduchafanwei,bajiaoyujiaoxuedudaozuoweiduisheng、shi、xianjizhengfulvxingjiaoyuzhizedudaopinggudezhongyaoneirong,bingqianghuajieguoyunyong。wushiyingzaolianghaoshengtai。yaoqiuquandangquanshehuiguanxinzhichishenhuajiaoyujiaoxuegaige、quanmiantigaoyiwujiaoyuzhilianggongzuo,chongfenfahuishehuigefangzhichizuoyong,yingzaoyiwujiaoyuchixujiankangxiediaofazhandeyulundaoxianghelianghaofenwei。

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